XXXIII, No. 4, Pp. 325-417
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Authors: Marija D. Radmilović-Rađenović, Petar D. Beličev,
and Branislav M. Rađenović
Electron field emission limiting the accelerating gradient in superconducting cavities remains the dominant setback in cavity production. The need to understand and control the field emission has become increasingly important because of the prospect of using high-gradient structures in linear colliders. Since building an accelerator structure is a complicated and costly process, elimination of unnecessary steps has priority. In this paper an analysis of the influence of the enhanced field emission in superconducting radio frequency cavity together with modal field calculations by using COMSOL finite elements package has been presented. The obtained results reveal that the electric field required for the field emission is generated in the cavity irises. The imperfection of the cavity surface leading to very high fields is modelled by a simple cone. The estimated value of the enhancement factor for the cone tip of around 4 is in a good agreement with the data found in the literature. In addition, from the slopes and the intercepts of the Fowler-Nordheim plots, a dependence of the enhancement factor and the effective area on the work function has been estimated.
Key words: superconducting cavity, Tesla cavity, field emission, enhancement factor
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