Vol. XX, No. 1, Pp. 1-90
YU ISSN 1451-3994
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Pages: 86 - 90
Authors: Marko M. NINKOVIĆ and Ružica GLISIĆ
A critical look at UNEP Reports concerning depleted uranium on Yugoslav territory is presented in this paper. The subjects of the analysis are summarized as remarks highlighting the following three points: (a) those concerning the use of terms significant and insignificant doses (risks), (b) those concerning the use of 1 mSv as a border between these two risk types, and (c) those concerning the composition of expert UNEP Teams investigating the depleted uranium issue.
To start with, the assumption that it should be possible to express the risks (consequences) caused by the intake of depleted uranium ( by ingestion/ inhalation and/ or external exposure ) to b and g rays from depleted uranium as insignificant or significant for comparison purposes is, in our view, in collision with the linear non threshold hypothesis, still valid in the radiation protection field.
Secondly, the limit of 1 mSv per year as a reference dose level between insignificant and significant risks (consequences) is not acceptable in the case of military depleted uranium contamination. This is because the reference level of 1 mSv, according to the ICRP Recommendation, can be used in the optimization of radiation protection as an additional annual dose limit for members of the public solely for useful practices. Military usage of depleted uranium cannot be classified as being useful for both sides - the culprit and the victim alike.
Our third objection concerns the composition of expert UNEP teams for Kosovo (Desk Assessment Group, Scientific Reviewer Group, and UNEP Scientific Mission) as not being representative enough, bearing in mind all UN member-countries. This last objection may be rather difficult to understand for anyone viewing it from the perspective other than that of the victims.
Key words: depleted uranium, critic of the UNEP reports, insignificant and significant risk, LNT-hypothesis, radiation safety limits
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