XXXVIII, No. 2, Pp. 71-144
Back to Contents
Authors: Olena Khotiaintseva, Volodymyr Khotiaintsev, and Volodymyr Gulik
Small modular reactors represent a promising technology for power generation, offering solutions to the energy crisis and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. As Ukraine considers the deployment of NuScale, UK SMR, and SMR-160, it is crucial to address the safe management of spent nuclear fuel. This study focuses on evaluating the radiological characteristics of spent nuclear fuel from the selected small modular reactors and for comparison, from the VVER-1000 reactor. Using the Monte Carlo code Serpent, depletion calculations were performed for an assembly in an infinite 2-D geometry, and the activity, decay heat, and inhalation toxicity of the spent nuclear fuel were assessed. We determined the main nuclides contributing to the radiological characteristics and quantified the mass content of these nuclides. The total number of spent nuclear fuel assemblies produced during the entire life of each small modular reactor type was estimated. The radiological characteristics assessed for the three small modular reactors do not exceed those observed for VVER-1000 reactors currently operating in Ukraine. So, spent nuclear fuel generated by the selected small modular reactors will introduce no new challenges to Ukraine's radioactive waste management system. The results of this work provide valuable insights for identifying the optimal small modular reactor technologies for Ukraine concerning safe spent nuclear fuel management.
Key words: small modular reactor, spent nuclear fuel management, NuScale, SMR-160, UK SMR, Serpent, spent nuclear fuel characteristic
FULL PAPER IN PDF FORMAT (1.33 MB)