XXVII, No. 2, Pp. 95-197
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Authors: Onder Kilic,
In the present study, the bark of oak trees (Quercus petraea Liebl.) was collected from Belgrade Forest northwest of Istanbul for determination of 137Cs, 40K, 232Th, and 238U activity. A gamma spectrometer equipped with high-purity germanium detector was used for radioactivity measurement. Bark samples were collected from the northern and southern sides of trees at a height of 1.5 m above the ground in order to see the effects of rainfall and wind; and they were also collected from the northern side at a height of 0.5 m above the ground to assess the effect of soil splash. The activity concentrations of137Cs, 40K, 232Th, and 238U in the bark samples were found to vary in the range of 1.40-27.50, 45.0-221.2, 0.92-9.64, and 4.04-36.10 Bq/kg, respectively. The elevated activity of 238U in bark samples could be attributed to a large amount of coal combustion in the region until the 1990s. According to one-way ANOVA, a significant difference was not found in bark samples collected at a height of 0.5 m and 1.5 m above the ground in terms of radionuclide activity. There was also no significant variation regarding radionuclide accumulation between northern and southern sides.
137Cs, natural radionuclides, oak bark, bio-monitoring, Turkey
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