Vol. XXII, No. 2, Pp. 1-72
....Back to Contents
Pages: 53 - 57
Authors: Nnamdi N. JIBIRI, Grace T. OGUNTADE
The main source of radiation doses received by humans from man-made sources of ionizing radiation in medicine and industry comes from X-rays. The genetic risks of ionizing radiation effects on an individual who is occupationally exposed largely depend on the magnitude of the radiation dose received, period of practice, workload and radiological procedures involved. In this work, using the linear non-threshold model, we have attempted to assess the level of genetic risk of occupationally exposed individuals in two medical and industrial establishments in Nigeria by estimating their genetically significant dose values. The estimation was based on continuous personnel radiation dose monitoring data for the individuals in each of the establishments over a three year period (1998-2001). The estimated genetically significant dose values in the years considered were 12 mSv for the medical, and 29 mSv for the industrial personnel. Appropriate radiation protection precautions should be taken by the personnel to adhere to standard operational practices in order to minimize the genetically significant dose resulting from radiological practices.
Key words: radiation risk, genetic dose, radiography, occupational dose, Nigeria
FULL PAPER IN PDF FORMAT (168 KB)